int-CRE.01 » Çin-Rusya-Avrupa Demiryolu Hattı

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Esat
Pir-i Seyyâh
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Kayıt: 17 Eyl Pzt, 2007 13:37

Re: int-CRE.01 » Çin-Rusya-Avrupa Demiryolu Hattı

Mesaj gönderen Esat » 23 Nis Sal, 2019 11:26

şu an dünyada örnek alınması gereken tek yöntem çin yöntemidir diyeceğim ama adamlar geriye alacak bir şey bırakmadı zaten :) yani onların yöntemine dönsek bile adaptasyondu, aldım öğrendim derken biz kaçan tren bize tur bindirirken görürüz ancak

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Kayıt: 04 Ara Sal, 2012 10:41

Re: int-CRE.01 » Çin-Rusya-Avrupa Demiryolu Hattı

Mesaj gönderen Engin Y » 07 May Sal, 2019 16:22

Bizde, atı alan Üsküdar'ı geçiyor..
Batıda ise Porsche'yi alan Çin'e geçiyor..

Haftada iki kez, 44 konteyner içine yerleştirilen 88 adet Porsche otomobil, Almanya'dan yola çıkarak 18 gün içinde Çin'e ulaşıyormuş..
Yılda 104 tren kalksa, 9.152 araç taşınabilir..
Porsche'nin Çin'deki yıllık satış hacmi de yaklaşık 80 bin araçmış..
Yani trenle nakledilecek 9.152 araç, toplam 80 bin aracın yaklaşık %11,4'ünü oluşturuyor..
German luxury auto manufacturer Porsche has resorted to rail transport, or China-Europe Railway Express, for its transcontinental logistics since April, German media dpa reported on Saturday.

Citing a Porsche spokesman, the dpa report says the rail transport will bring Porsche sports cars to Chinese streets more quickly, cutting the transport time by three weeks.

Twice a week, a freight train takes at most 88 Porsche sports cars in up to 44 containers from Germany via Poland, Belarus, Russia, and Kazakhstan, to Southwest China's Chongqing municipality, from where the new vehicles are delivered to regional dealers.

The overland trip takes 18 days, markedly less than sea transportation, according to German logistics company Hellmann, which has been organizing the transport for Porsche.

With around 80,000 Porsche sports cars delivered to China each year, the Chinese market is the highest-volume individual market for Porsche, the Stuttgart-based company said in a press release in March.

According to Porsche's plan, 11 percent of its factory-new sports cars will be exported through the about 11,000-km-long rail route to southwest China.

For the past years, China-Europe freight trains have rumbled along the route, taking garments, auto parts, chemicals and other Chinese goods to European consumers, while bringing back European food, machinery, equipment and timber.

The trains made 6,363 trips in 2018, surging 73 percent from 2017, according to the China Railway Corporation.
Kaynak: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201905/0 ... b9c35.html

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Kayıt: 04 Ara Sal, 2012 10:41

Re: int-CRE.01 » Çin-Rusya-Avrupa Demiryolu Hattı

Mesaj gönderen Engin Y » 16 Tem Sal, 2019 18:49

Almanya'dan Çin'e giden Porsche otomobillerinden sonra, Volvo otomobilleri de Çin'den Almanya'ya trenle nakledilmeye başlanmış..
Çin'de imal edilen Volvo markalı otomobillerden her yıl 40 bin adedinin demiryolu ile nakledilmesi planlanıyormuş: https://www.railwaypro.com/wp/volvo-veh ... to-europe/

Öte yandan, Çin'in Chengdu kenti ile Avrupa arasında çalışan trenlerin sayısı, yılın ilk yarısında %48 artarak 619'a ulaşmış: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-0 ... 221465.htm

Engin Y
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Kayıt: 04 Ara Sal, 2012 10:41

Re: int-CRE.01 » Çin-Rusya-Avrupa Demiryolu Hattı

Mesaj gönderen Engin Y » 30 Tem Sal, 2019 13:18

Rusya'nın tarım ürünleri üzerindeki kısıtlamayı kaldırması ile birlikte, Norveç somonu da Çin'e demiryolu ile nakledilecekmiş..

Norveç'in kuzeyinde tutulan somon, Norveç'in Narvik kentinden İsveç'in Haparanda kenti üzerinden Finlandiya'nın Kouvola kentine getirilecek ve buradan da Rusya ve Kazakistan üzerinden Çin'e nakledilecek..
Narvik-Haparanda-Kouvola hattı: https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Narvik, ... 678835!3e3

Kouvola-Rusya-Çin hattı da aşağıdaki gibi..
Resim

Haber: https://www.railfreight.com/beltandroad ... -to-china/
The salmon is caught in Northern Norway and then shipped to Narvik. From this city, it is transported across the Nordic countries via Boden, Haparanda/Tornio and finally to Kouvola. In this Finish town just kilometres away from Russia, a railway connection to China is already up and running. However, fish could not be transported until now.

Ban lifted
Effective per 1 July, Russia has lifted the ban on transit traffic for a range of products that were previously sanctioned. This includes agricultural products and foodstuffs. The measure is subjective to certain conditions and a lot remains unclear, but that does not stop Blomster and his partner Railgate Finland in Kouvala from planning the first journey. “We expect to make the first shipment by September/October”, said Blomster.

There is a huge demand for salmon in China. This demand is currently met by air transport. Around 30,000 tonne of salmon is shipped from Helsinki to China per year. This can all be done by train, which is much cheaper, Blomster aruges.

Nordic Silk Road
That rail is an ideal transport solution to China occured to Kouvola Innovation Oy, operator of the terminal in Finland several years ago. Kouvala is located in the south-east of the country. A cargo train is on Russian territory within an hour and from there, it could take various routes to multiple locations in China, or even Japan. The route operational at the moment leads though Kazakhstan and terminates in Xi’an. This rail freight service is offered in both directions almost every week.

When taking this route into Europe, the journey from China takes only 12 to 14 days. And that is not only because of its strategic location. Finland has the same broad gauge as the CIS states, so the train only needs to switch to another railway network once, instead of twice. “We are heavily betting on rail transport to China”, said Managing Director at Kouvola Innovation Oy.

East-west balance
At the moment, all kinds of products from the Nordic region are transported to China, such as machinery, wood, wine and beer, Husu explained. But the opening up for previously sanctioned food products offers enormous potential. “We have been working on this for many years.”

At the same time, a lot of work remains to be done. For example, there will be in imbalance between east- and westbound traffic to the Nordic countries, with the majority of the containers travelling eastwards. “We will need more cargo shipments from China to Finland, in order to get the containers back. At the moment we have more export than import”, said Husu.

The cooperation between the Nordic countries is focussed on the logistics chain from Norway to Finland. This transport is currently mostly organised by trucks, while a lot could be done by train. This requires a huge modal shift, but it also requires technical solutions. “There is a different railway gauge in Narvik and Haparanda”, Husu explained.

Temperature control
A more practical consideration is temperature control along the journey, and this is something that is already in development. The technology from BluWrap should ensure that the fish stays fresh all the way, explained Blomster.

The technology company uses oxygen management techniques to create and maintain an all-natural, controlled atmosphere environment that suspends time. In this way fresh fish and other proteins can be transported virtually anywhere in the world without the need for ice, environmentally harmful polystyrene, or expensive airfreight.

Russian authorities
While all these factors are carefully taken care of by the ambitious railway partners, there is still a lot of ambiguity around the new legislation announced in Russia. The Russian government is opening a special department that will handle all transit traffic through Russia. Before we can send a shipment, this must have the approval of this department. The department was set up in the second week of July and we do not know how and when this department will start functioning”, said Blomster.

Similarly, the necessary arrangements will have to be done in China, as not every product may enter China in every province. There are rules about this and sometimes products are first sent to the customs authorities of another province, before they can be forwarded to their final destination. For this new type of products, new rules will have to be formed”, explained Xinyao Zhang from logistics company GVT Intermodal.

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